Turtles are known to be affected by plastic litter in range of ways. Turtles use sight and scent to select their prey and often mistake plastic for prey as marine plastic can look and smell like natural prey.
There are two types of whale – baleen and toothed whales. Baleen whales have 2 ‘comb- like’ keratin plates in their mouths that they use to filter their prey through, whereas toothed whales (including dolphins and porpoises) have teeth.
The world’s oceans have an estimated 5 trillion pieces of plastic floating on the surface, making up 46% of all ocean plastic. Despite reports in the 1980s about the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch” which was “twice the size of Texas”, the Plastic Oceans Team and numerous scientists found something else much more worrying.